David G. Victor is a professor at the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies at the University of California, San Diego, and director of the School’s new Laboratory on International Law and Regulation. He received his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1997 (political science) and an A.B. from Harvard University, 1987 (history and science, cum laude) His research focuses on how the design of regulatory law affects issues such as environmental pollution and the operation of major energy markets. He is author of Global Warming Gridlock. Prior to joining the faculty at UCSD Victor served as director of the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford University where he was also a professor at Stanford Law School. Earlier in his career he directed the science and technology program at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, where he led the Council's task force on energy, and was senior adviser to the task force on climate change. At Stanford and the Council he examined ways to improve management of the nation's $50 billion strategic oil reserve, strategies for advancing research and regulation of technologies needed for "geoengineering," and a wide array of other topics related to technological innovation and the impact of innovation on economic growth.