About this Course
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47 reviews

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Subtitles: English, Hebrew, Spanish

100% online

Start instantly and learn at your own schedule.

Flexible deadlines

Reset deadlines in accordance to your schedule.


Subtitles: English, Hebrew, Spanish

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

2 hours to complete

The Final Solution and the Drive for Eliminating All Jews and All Perceived Jewish "Influences"

This lesson will be devoted to the cultural and mental processes which paved the way to the comprehensive and systematic mass murder of Jews. We will deal with the specific decision-making process regarding the murder of the entire European Jewry, the implementation of the initial murder, the broadening circle of killing, and the early Jewish reactions to the "Final Solution"....
7 videos (Total 79 min), 3 readings
7 videos
Early “solutions” of the Jewish problem10m
The final solution: who decided, when and how?11m
Killing Sites15m
Camp Universe11m
Last Unit16m
3 readings
Before we begin10m
Ian Kershaw, “Hitler’s Role in the ‘Final Solution’”10m
Christopher Browning, "Initiating the Final Solution: The Fateful Months of September-October 1941"10m
2 hours to complete

Jewish and Non-Jewish Responses to the Holocaust

We will look at a broad spectrum of questions, including: "As Lambs to the Slaughter"? Choiceless choices? Did the world remain silent? Why were Auschwitz and Birkenau not bombed? And more. Discussion of the various issues and frameworks will challenge the existing definitions regarding resistance and rescue, and examine patterns of cooperation with persecutors alongside rebellious acts by Jews and non-Jews alike. As part of this important discussion, we will return to our previous examination of the Jewish leadership and re-evaluate the responses of various Jewish leaders to the annihilation campaign, while pointing out the complexities of the subject matter....
6 videos (Total 66 min), 4 readings, 1 quiz
6 videos
Jewish Reactions in the face of death - Leadership11m
Jewish Reactions in the face of death - Resistance10m
Jewish Reactions in the face of death - Rescue10m
Reactions of non Jews to the Holocaust11m
How was it humanly possible?11m
4 readings
Nechama Tec, "Jewish Resistance: Facts, Omissions and Distortions"10m
Jan Grabowski, “Rural Society and the Jews in Hiding: Elders, Night Watches, Firefighters, Hostages and Manhunts”10m
Jan Grabowski, "Rescue for Money: Paid Helpers in Poland, 1939-1945"10m
Alina Skibińska and Jakub Petelewicz, “The Participation of Poles in Crimes against Jews in the Świętokrzyskie Region”10m
1 practice exercise
Mid-course quiz10m
2 hours to complete

The Free World, the last months, the Aftermath and the Implications

This lesson will describe the steps taken by Nazi Germany, with the Allied advance across Europe, to increase efforts to exterminate the Jews and to destroy all evidence of their crimes. We will deal with questions of memory and commemoration, examine the significance of the Holocaust for different audiences, and present the latest research in the field of Holocaust studies....
6 videos (Total 72 min), 2 readings, 1 quiz
6 videos
The End: Year 194414m
The Anguish of Liberation10m
Memory, commemoration and long term effects10m
Holocaust research - what is still unknown + facing the future11m
The Holocaust - An Introduction8m
2 readings
David Silberklang, " The Allies and the Holocaust: A Reappraisal"10m
David Bankier, "The Germans and The Holocaust: What Did They Know?"10m
1 practice exercise
What have you learnt in this course?14m
47 ReviewsChevron Right

Top Reviews

By EMApr 6th 2016

Thank you for bringing such an extremely difficult subject to us in a knowledgeable and dignified way. I learned so much about a time in history that I did not really understand.

By LZMar 25th 2018

Excellent course. Really well taught. Encourages participation and thought by the student. Wide range of very good resources in both part 1 and part 2. Thank you very much!



Professor Havi Dreifuss, PhD

Havi Dreifuss is a historian of the Holocaust in Eastern Europe; senior lecturer in the Department of Jewish History at TAU; heads the Center for Research of Holocaust History in Poland, Yad Vashem.

Dr Na'ama Bela Shik, PhD

Director, Educational Technology Department, The International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem
The International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem

About Tel Aviv University

Tel Aviv University (TAU) is Israel's largest institution of higher learning – with over 30,000 students and more than 125 schools and departments in nine faculties. Global in outlook and impact, it is consistently ranked among the world's top 100 universities, as well as the top 20 institutions in terms of scientific citations. A spirit of openness and innovation is evident in all of TAU's teaching and research activities, breaking down barriers between disciplines, and boldly striving to address the twenty-first century's most pressing challenges....

About Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem, the world Holocaust remembrance center, stands resolute in its dedication to Holocaust education, remembrance, documentation and research. Located on the Mount of Remembrance in Jerusalem, Yad Vashem continues to develop advanced educational tools and utilize cutting-edge technology in order to bring its world-class research facilities, flourishing archives, groundbreaking educational initiatives and steadfast commitment to Shoah remembrance to an ever-growing global audience. ...

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