About this Course
The aim of the course is to obtain the idea of the lexicon as a complex system and to get the methodology of the typological approach to the lexicon cross-linguistically, as well as to learn about the general mechanisms of semantic shift and their typological relevance. By the end of the course the students should know the basic principles of lexical organization, the main parameters of semantic variations in lexicon, and be able to apply the basic methods of the analysis of lexical meaning to different lexical domains. The course is designed for students of linguistic programs (BA, MA, PhD), as well as for teachers and researchers in the named field. The course contains the overview of different approaches to the semantic description of lexical items and lexical systems in different languages and discusses the methodology of Moscow Lexical Typology Group (lecture 1). This methodology (“frame approach”) is illustrated with the data of the following domains: aquamotion verbs (lecture 2), verbs of falling (lecture 3), adjectives denoting oldness (lecture 4) and pain metaphors (lecture 5 and 6). The results of the analyses are visualized with specially constructed lexical semantic maps.
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100% online course

Start instantly and learn at your own schedule.
Advanced Level

Advanced Level

Clock

Approx. 19 hours to complete

Suggested: 6 weeks of study, 5 hours per week: 2 hours – video lectures, 3 hours – reading, home tasks, peer review of home tasks
Comment Dots

English

Subtitles: English
Globe

100% online course

Start instantly and learn at your own schedule.
Advanced Level

Advanced Level

Clock

Approx. 19 hours to complete

Suggested: 6 weeks of study, 5 hours per week: 2 hours – video lectures, 3 hours – reading, home tasks, peer review of home tasks
Comment Dots

English

Subtitles: English

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

What is special about lexical typology: methodological issues

This lecture is the introduction to the whole course. It describes different approaches to the semantic typology of lexicon and presents research methodology of the Moscow Lexical Typology Group....
Reading
5 videos (Total 51 min), 1 quiz
Video5 videos
Groups and names10m
MLEXT Methodology9m
Linguistic resources for lexical typology11m
Theoretical background11m

2

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Does the octopus swim? AQUA-motion in cross-linguistic perspective

The lecture considers the project on AQUA-motion verbs in more than 50 languages and describes the possible strategies of colexification of basic situations denoting being in water and motion in water....
Reading
7 videos (Total 54 min), 1 quiz
Video7 videos
Semantic maps: Strategies of colexification-16m
Strategies of colexification-2: Additional oppositions9m
Strategies of colexification-37m
Meaning shifts-17m
Meaning shifts-28m
Lack of standard metaphors6m

3

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Jack and Jill fell down the hill: Typological approach to verbs of falling

The lecture describes the results of our research on the typology of verbs of falling, including types of falling and falling metaphors. In addition, it focuses on special cases and several other semantic fields closely related to falling....
Reading
5 videos (Total 59 min), 1 quiz
Video5 videos
Falling: Semantic space14m
Oppositions between the main frames16m
Related semantic fields7m
Metaphors of falling12m

4

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

How do we think about oldness?

This lecture tells about the experiment of a dictionary-based semantic analysis of quality terms describing the domain of OLD in 100 languages. Semantic systems and semantic oppositions within these systems are revealed and it is argued that the linguistic behavior of quality terms is semantically motivated....
Reading
4 videos (Total 46 min), 1 quiz
Video4 videos
Semantics of ‘OLD’15m
Typological results: How do languages structure the domain of ‘OLD’?8m
Additional oppositions11m

5

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Words that change their meaning: pain metaphors and pain constructions. Part 1

This lecture introduces the notion of secondary pain terms. Unlike prototypical pain verbs, which have pain as their direct initial meaning, secondary pain terms denote other types of situations, like cutting, burning, etc., while pain is their secondary meaning. The lecture shows that the corresponding semantic shifts are far from trivial....
Reading
4 videos (Total 45 min), 1 quiz
Video4 videos
General issue9m
The first question11m
Morphology of pain constructions13m

6

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Words that change their meaning: pain metaphors and pain constructions. Part 2

This lecture continues discussing secondary pain terms. It points out the syntactic and semantic peculiarities of this shift to the pain domain and considers their contribution to the theory of metaphor and metonymy....
Reading
5 videos (Total 56 min), 1 quiz
Video5 videos
Syntax of pain constructions: General remarks10m
Syntactic patterns of pain constructions16m
Semantics of pain constructions13m
Conclusion10m
4.5

Top Reviews

By GGApr 14th 2018

I found this class to be very informative and I learned a lot in a short period of time.

By FOApr 25th 2018

¡An excellent course! Maybe too autoreference with the bibliography but that's fine.

Instructor

About National Research University Higher School of Economics

National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE) is one of the top research universities in Russia. Established in 1992 to promote new research and teaching in economics and related disciplines, it now offers programs at all levels of university education across an extraordinary range of fields of study including business, sociology, cultural studies, philosophy, political science, international relations, law, Asian studies, media and communications, IT, mathematics, engineering, and more. Learn more on www.hse.ru...

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