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2.视觉系统和早期对视觉对认识

还原与整合是生命科学研究的两个基本方法,对现象的还原与描述占据了大多数的内容,而对于整合的研究则相对较少。本次课程以色觉形成的发现过程为例,先介绍了早期人们对于光感和视觉的认识以及发现视网膜上视杆细胞和视锥细胞分别参与视觉信号感知,然后详细介绍了对光的强弱有反应的视紫红质,以及对三种不同波长的光有偏好的色觉敏感蛋白的发现以及信号转导过程,总结了从感光分子的发现到色觉形成的整合过程。

Peking University
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