About this Course
4.8
29 ratings
2 reviews
“悖论”(paradox)指思维中深层次的矛盾,并且是难解的矛盾。它们是巨大且艰深的理智难题,以触目惊心的形式向我们展示了:我们的看似合理、有效的“共识”、“前提”、“推理规则”在某些地方出了问题,我们思维中最基本的概念、原理、原则在某些地方潜藏着风险。悖论对人类理智构成严重挑战,并在人类的认知发展和科学发展中起重要作用。 本课程将讲授历史上已经提出的一些著名悖论,涉及的论题有:一些扰人的二难困境;模糊性:连锁悖论;芝诺悖论和无穷之迷;逻辑-数学悖论;语义悖论;休谟问题和归纳悖论;认知悖论;合理行动和决策的悖论;道德悖论;中国古代文化中的悖论;对于悖论的进一步思考,如此等等。 我认为,大学里应该传授两类知识:一类知识“实实在在”,另一类知识“奇奇怪怪”。 学习第一类知识后,你能够成为此类知识的使用者和传播者,成为社会所需要的合格的劳动者,能够直接在企事业单位就业,也为自己谋一份体面而有尊严的生活。 学习第二类知识,则有助于打破你的思维定势,开拓你的理智空间,激发你的理智好奇心,使你养成独立思考的习惯,培养一种健康、温和的怀疑主义态度,培养一种宽容和接纳的文明态度,能够成为民主社会中独立自主、理性负责的公民,经进一步深造后,有可能成为知识的创造者和生产者,成为各行各业中的精英人物。 “悖论”(paradox)典型地属于“奇奇怪怪”的知识。...
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Flexible deadlines

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Beginner Level

Beginner Level

Clock

Suggested: 3-5 hours/week

Approx. 24 hours to complete
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Chinese (Simplified)

Subtitles: Chinese (Simplified)
Globe

100% online courses

Start instantly and learn at your own schedule.
Calendar

Flexible deadlines

Reset deadlines in accordance to your schedule.
Beginner Level

Beginner Level

Clock

Suggested: 3-5 hours/week

Approx. 24 hours to complete
Comment Dots

Chinese (Simplified)

Subtitles: Chinese (Simplified)

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

预备知识和悖论概述

...
Reading
8 videos (Total 173 min), 1 quiz
Video8 videos
2.矛盾律、排中律和二值原则27m
3.充足理由律23m
4.什么是悖论?24m
5.悖论的类型20m
6.如何解决悖论?17m
7.苏格拉底的诘问法21m
8.有关结婚的二难推理14m
Quiz1 practice exercise
第一周练习10m

2

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

上帝悖论和连锁悖论

...
Reading
9 videos (Total 221 min), 1 quiz
Video9 videos
10.有关上帝的悖论(一)29m
11.有关上帝的悖论(二)19m
12.有关上帝的悖论(三)16m
13.模糊性:连锁悖论20m
14.忒修斯之船及其他30m
15.多值逻辑和真值度理论30m
16.超赋值理论29m
17.认知主义23m
Quiz1 practice exercise
第二周练习10m

3

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

芝诺悖论和无穷之谜

...
Reading
7 videos (Total 170 min), 1 quiz
Video7 videos
19.超级任务——芝诺悖论的现代变体17m
20.无穷倒退和无穷嵌套14m
21. 康德的时空“二律背反”21m
22.数学中的“无穷悖论”18m
23.关于“无穷”的数学和哲学32m
24.集合论初步知识36m
Quiz1 practice exercise
第三周练习10m

4

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

逻辑-集合论悖论和语义悖论

...
Reading
8 videos (Total 212 min), 1 quiz
Video8 videos
26.罗素的类型论(一)12m
27.罗素的类型论(二)27m
28.公理集合论18m
29.真理论述要(一)35m
30.真理论述要(二)30m
31.语义悖论举要(一)25m
32.语义悖论举要(二)40m
Quiz1 practice exercise
第四周练习10m

Instructor

陈波

教授
哲学系

About Peking University

Peking University is determined to make its education openly accessible to students in China and around the world. With over 3000 faculty members, Peking University offers excellence in teaching and learning. Founded in 1898, Peking University (PKU) was the first national comprehensive university in China. For the past 115 years, with its hundreds of thousands of outstanding alumni, Peking University has made prominent contributions in the humanities and sciences to further China's prosperity and progress....

Frequently Asked Questions

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